2 March 2019

More play and less work make Mensa a poor man. Ghana must be serious. The obsessive- compulsive behaviour of politicians must stop.

Fighting over days to observe as holidays after 61years is a disgrace, especially when we already take too many days off to commemorate trivia.

By way of defining the terms, public holidays are non-working days across the country, whereas
commemorative days are working days on which special occasions are celebrated.

Under the 5th Republic’s economic federalism, public holidays will be restructured as follows:

Types of Public holidays

1. National holidays
2. Religious holidays
3. States/Regional holidays


1. New Year’s Day 1st January
2. Independence Day 6th March
3. Workers’ Day 1st May
4. Farmers Day 1st Friday December
5. Good Friday
6. Resurrection Sunday transferred to Monday
7. Christmas 25th December
8. Boxing Day 26th December
9. Eid al-Adha
10. Eid al-Fitr


11. Each state parliament will legislate one day eg major festival as a state holiday.

Note: If a public holiday falls on a Sunday, it’s transferred to Monday.

South Africa’s ANC is the oldest liberation movement in the world – founded 8th January 1912.

So, if 8th January is not a holiday in South Africa, why must 4th August be a holiday in Ghana? UGCC was formed on 4th August 1947 and died in 1951 after winning only 2 out of 38 seats in the 1951 elections and had the worst possible U-5MR of 1000/1000. I shy self.

If Lee Kuan Yew’s birthday isn’t a holiday in Singapore, why must Nkrumah’s be in Ghana? Singapore isn’t only highest GDP per capita in the Commonwealth and the 8th best in the world, it has U-5MR of 3/1000, the 2nd best in the world. What is all this vanity about?

Progressive Singapore does not celebrate any Republic Day, not even confused Nigeria does. So, why must Ghana?


28th February – Martyrs’ Day – day on which the three ex-service men were killed and which set the ball rolling towards independence – Sargent Adjetey, Corporal Aytipoe and Corporal Lamptey in 1948.



10 March 2019

I will like to divide this discussion into 3 parts so that we fully appreciate the Gborlu Wulomo & Ga Mantse issue.

1. Who are Ga-Dangmes?

2. Who is the spiritual head or overlord of a people?

3. Who was Borketey Laweh, or Gborbu Wulomo I?


Ga-Dangmes are the indigenes who settled between Winneba in the west and the Volta estuary on the east along the Ghanaian coast line.

Their populations spread north and north-east up to about 100km inland. Thus they are found not only in Greater Accra but in Eastern region as well.

Made up two large groups – Ga (the west group) and Dangme (the east group), Ga-Dangme is a lingo-cultural group, whose sub-group the Dangme, have always lived as several independent towns. Gas once formed a Commonwealth (CW) of ‘’states’’ headquartered at Ayawaso.

The CW is now in tatters and Ga has gradually lost its “mojo”.

While scholarship has not fully ascertained the exact point of origin of this group of Ghanaians and the exact time of arrival in modern-day Ghana, evidence is emerging that their previous settlement was probably Benin and might have arrived in Ghana as early as the beginning of the 13th century.

Even the most adroit historian, anthropologist or chronicler could not tell the leader or leaders who brought the people to their present location. Anyone who pretends to know the original leaders(s) is a fabricator, an enemy of the truth or both.

Despite differences of opinion regarding certain aspects of this great migration of the Ga-Dangme people, there is broad consensus that, they travelled as one lingo-cultural group but never under one political formation. There has never been a Ga-Dangme kingdom.

The lingual and cultural differences we see today emanated from the Ga group’s further movement west and thereby coming under the influence of their Guan and Akan neighbours. The proto-language of Ga-Dangme would seem closer to the new influences than to the less adulterated Dangme dialect as spoken today.

Another area of consensus of experts in the field is that, there were other people–Guans in Kpeshi, Le (Larteh) and Obutu living in scattered communities along the west coast and in the Accra plains before the Gas settled among them and assimilated all except Obutu/Awutu.

Though Obutu remained linguistically distinct, it was politically assimilated. Until just before independence, Awutu was part of the Ga Traditional Council. Even after Awutu’s secession, it came to swear oath of allegiance to Nii Amugi when he was coronated in 1965

The 3rd undeniable truth shared by all experts, is that, although the exact time of westward migration of Ga is not known, towards the end of the 15th century, political centralization was started by King Ayi Kushi, leader of Ga Mashi at Ayawaso or Kplagon, which means a ‘’hill of rest’’ for a migratory people.

It represented the end of the journey for Gamei from wherever they hailed from outside Ghana through Dangme and the Accra plains. Ga (from Gaga – wandering soldier ants).

Accra is the corruption of Nkrang, the Twi word for marauding migratory ants. Both words/names describe the migratory and powerful Ga people.

Ga Mashi was then made up of two clans; Tungma (now Abola) and Asere. It would appear Tungma represented the political class and Asere, the military class. Pressure from militarized Asere, it is told, forced Ayi Kushi to abdicate.

His son, Ayite took over in early part of the 16th century, and expanded Ayawaso to add present-day Tema, Nungua, La and Obutu to Ga Mashi, to form the Commonwealth of Ga or Ga Jaku. Opoku Ware I, repeated Ayite’s feat 2 centuries later when he took over the newly created Ashanti kingdom upon the death of his uncle, King Osei Tutu.

Come back Ayawaso, come back the 1st kingdom.

Ayawaso militarily protected the new satellite states, and economically provided a base for them for trade with the interior.

It was truly a commonwealth – an arrangement for the common good. Ga Mashi became the political head of the Ga Commonwealth. Ga Mantse became the political leader of all Ga.

Stay tuned for Part 3.

Tswa omanye aba.

ASEMENI of AKWAMU – The Conqueror of ‘’Europe’’ and Father of the struggle for Independence.

ASEMENI of AKWAMU – The Conqueror of ‘’Europe’’ and Father of the struggle for Independence.

5 March 2019

I first posted this article about one of our heroes who is hardly known to many, in 2017, exactly 2 years ago, on the eve of Ghana@60.

Akwamu defeated and ‘’colonized’’ Ga from 1680 to 1730, during which Akwamu reigned supreme along the coast.

Otublohum was established as a sub-state of Ga by Amo (Amu), who was Akwamu’s ambassador to Ga and nephew of the Akwamuhene. Amo’s 1st son was called Darko. This is my paternal genealogy.

An interesting figure during this period was a warlord called Asemeni, whose reputation for regular slave raids, business and negotiations was almost legendary.

Due to the slaves provided to European traders, Asemeni developed a good business relationship with the Danes (owners of the Osu Castle in the mid to late17th Century), from whom he bought his guns.

Shrewd Asemeni saw that just because the Danes occupied the largest Castle and controlled much of the trade on the coast, they were very wealthy.

He decided he was going to topple the Danes, take over the Castle and make money for himself, his militia and the Akwamu Kingdom.

He understood that the dominance of the white man was not because of the colour of his skin but rather his superior fire power.

The day he would get that fire power, he would be the boss. He believed it and hatched a plan to realise it. In 1693, Asemeni arranged to buy guns from the Danes, for which he mobilized about 80 men from his militia.

They all hid bullets under their clothing. In the Castle, once they were led into ‘’gun shop’’, they filled the guns with the hidden bullets and turned them on the Danes who quickly surrendered.

The governor according to one account was killed by Asemeni, whereas on another account he escaped through a widow to a Dutch controlled fort about 2 miles away. Asemeni sent the captured Danes to Akwamu as prisoners of war and servants of Akwamu.

Hoisting his flag over the Castle, Asemeni declared himself Governor and ruled for a year, commandeering trade and becoming very wealthy.

After a year, the Danish government paid a hefty ransom for the release of POW in Akwamu and negotiated a re-purchase of the Castle from Asemeni. He left the Castle a winner. The great lesson is that if you think and act smart, you can dish the same medicine to your oppressor.

A few years ago, I learnt the Danish government wanted to honour Asemeni with a statue or something at the Osu Castle, but the Ga-Dangme wouldn’t allow it, simply for lack of knowledge.

After his exit from the Castle, Asemeni settled in La as a successful businessman and brought wealth to La. The Danes were not happy with his proximity to the Castle, so they negotiated with him again for him to go far away whereupon he went to Ningo and was successful there too.

Still uncomfortable with his proximity, the Danes paid him to leave the coast completely and he returned home to Akwamu in 1703.

There is Akwamu in Otublohum, Asemeni might have left descendants in La and Ningo as well. So, his story is not just that of Akwamu but a Ga-Dangme story too. In fact, it is an African hero’s story – that an unlettered African could outwit a European superpower over 300 years ago is remarkable.

Clearly, Africans are not genetically stupid and we ourselves must believe we are capable of the best.
We should be celebrating Asemeni at our landmark independence commemorations like Ghana@60, but does the President even know of him?

I heard of Asemeni in public school Class 5. I grew up in a Ghana where the surest path to secondary education was the private primary school. History wasn’t a key component of the private school curriculum. At the university level, 90% came from the private system and 10% from the public.

The net outcome is an intellectual class with minimal knowledge of the true history of Ghana. We pontificate about the French, American and Russian revolutions and even Arafat’s intifada, but know nothing about the Asemeni Revolution.

Do you think this country is free and independent? To be truly independent, the content of our education must change very quickly.

The road leading to the Castle from the crossroads and the Independence Arch should be named after Asemeni. In my view, his take-over of the Castle signals the start of our independence movement.
Tswa omanye aba.



6 March 2019

16 Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works and glorify your Father in heaven. Matthew 5:16.

Without a doubt, if Jesus were in Ghana today with $250m, he would want to use it to glorify God. That means, he would do good works. There are so many good works, but one is closest to Jesus’ heart.

MATTHEW 18:1-6

1At that time the disciples came to Jesus, saying, “Who then is greatest in the kingdom of heaven?”
2 Then Jesus called a little child to Him, set him in the midst of them, 3 and said, “Assuredly, I say to you, unless you are converted and become as little children, you will by no means enter the kingdom of heaven.

4 Therefore whoever humbles himself as this little child is the greatest in the kingdom of heaven. 5 Whoever receives ONE LITTLE CHILD like this in My name RECEIVES Me.

6 “But whoever causes one of these little ones who believe in Me to sin, it would be better for him if a millstone were hung around his neck, and he were drowned in the depth of the sea.

The greatest work anyone can do is to SAVE children. The worst work anyone can do is to lead children astray. When you treat a child well, you have treated Jesus and the One who sent him well.

How does this reflect in public policy? The spiritual, emotional, mental and physical (SEMP) health of the child must be the priority of priorities. If Jesus were in Ghana, that’s what he would use $250m for.

Let’s take physical health – the easiest to measure and one that affects the others significantly.

Under-5 mortality rate (U5MR) is 60/1000. U5MR for Singapore is 3/1000. What do you expect of a country ravaged by malaria and Kwashiorkor? The figures mean, a Singaporean child is 20 times more likely to celebrate his 5th birthday than a Ghanaian child.

We are 62y ears today, Singapore will be 54years on 9th August.

Singapore left Malaysia and is now more prosperous. Some believe what 5 million Singaporeans were able to achieve would require 1 billion Africans to come together in one single government in order to do the same. That’s a lie. We need good governance, not more governments.

We’ve had self-proclaimed Messiah’s, liberators, intellectuals, redeemers, revolutionaries and now a legal luminary, yet the cluelessness prevails.

Instead of protecting children, one group of our first politicians indoctrinated them unto sin, while the other used them to courier bombs. A dangerous generation.

Apart from Busia, who was 56 years when he became PM and Nkrumah 48, all the remaining leaders were 60 years or under. We may forgive them for lack of appropriate exposure and experience. But not Nana. He’s supposed to have all that the others lacked, yet, he is so clueless.

Ghana has only one Children Hospital – Princess Marie Louise Hospital in Korle-Worko, built in 1928 by the colonialist oppressor. Dr. Cecily Williams described Kwashiorkor in 1933 in this hospital and in 1935, published it in the Lancet medical journal. Kwashiorkor is Protein Energy Malnutrition (PEM).

PML has 68 beds and was built when the population of Ghana was 2.5m. 90 years have gone by and now with a population of 30m, we have not built even a 90-bed hospital for the children.

All our oldest President ever tells us is that building a cathedral is the priority of priorities. One of these days, I will write extensively on Kwashiorkor.

I would do what Jesus would have done – build a modern Children’s Health Centre with 680 beds for acute super-specialist care.

It will be the best in Africa, and will not be built in polluted, filthy Accra, but on the serene slopes of the Akwapim-Togo ranges, to not only serve Ghana, but to be accessible to Togo and possibly B. Faso and Benin. This is the service union we need, not political union. No further details.

The PML in Accra will then be converted into a Rehabilitation Centre for Drug Addicts to save our youth. If you’re a Christian and you want to give glory to God, will you build a cathedral or Children’s Hospital to treat and save the friends of Jesus?

I weep for Ghana, the beloved country, even as I thank God for His mercies.

Enjoy your resting day.

Mi, Nii Amu